All publications available as PDFs are either available as open access or were completed on US government funding or US government employee time and are not subject to copyright. Please email me for any publications not available as a PDF.
*Indicates student under my advisement, #Indicates equal contribution
McWethy, D.B., T. Schoennagel, P.E. Higuera, M. Krawchuk, B.J. Harvey, E.C. Metcalf, C. Schultz, C. Miller, A.L. Metcalf, B. Buma, A. Virapongse, J.C. Kulig, R.C. Stedman, Z. Ratajczak, C.R. Nelson, C.A. Kolden. Rethinking resilience to wildfire. In press at Nature Sustainability.
Stenzel, J., K. Bartowitz, M. Hartmann, J.A. Lutz, C.A. Kolden, A.M.S. Smith, B. Law, M. Swanson, A. Larson, W. Parton, T. Hudiburg. 2019. Fixing a snag in estimating carbon emissions from wildfire. Global Change Biology. doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14716
Martinez, A.J., A.J.H. Meddens, C.A. Kolden, A.T. Hudak. 2019. An assessment of fire refugia importance criteria ranked by land managers. Fire 2, 27. doi.org/10.3390/fire2020027. [OPEN ACCESS]
Kolden, C.A. 2019. We’re not doing enough prescribed fire to reduce wildfire risk in the western US. Fire 2, 30. doi.org/10.3390/fire2020030 [OPEN ACCESS]
Martinez, A.J., A.J.H. Meddens, C.A. Kolden, E.K. Strand, A.T. Hudak. 2019. Characterizing persistent unburned islands within the Inland Northwest. Fire Ecology 15: 20. https://fireecology.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s42408-019-0036-x [OPEN ACCESS]
Steady, W.D., R.P. Feltrin, D.M. Johnson, A.M. Sparks, C.A. Kolden, A.F. Talhelm, J.A. Lutz, L. Boschetti, A.T. Hudak, A.S. Nelson, A.M.S. Smith. 2019. The Survival of Pinus ponderosa Saplings Subjected to Increasing Levels of Fire Behavior and Impacts on Post-Fire Growth. Fire 2, 23. https://doi.org/10.3390/fire2020023 [OPEN ACCESS]
Haugo, R.D., B.S. Kellogg, C.A. Cansler, C.A. Kolden, K.B. Kemp, J. Robertson, K.L. Metlen, N.M. Vaillant, C.M. Restaino. 2019. The Missing Fire: Quantifying human exclusion of wildfire in Pacific Northwest forests, USA. Ecosphere, 10, e02702. doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2702 [OPEN ACCESS]
Kolden, C.A. and C. Henson. 2019. A Socio-Ecological Approach to Mitigating Wildfire Vulnerability in the Wildland Urban Interface: A Case Study from the 2017 Thomas Fire. Fire, 2, 9. https://doi.org/10.3390/fire2010009 [OPEN ACCESS]
Kliskey, A., J.T. Abatzoglou, L. Alessa, C.A. Kolden, D. Hoekema, B. Moore, S. Gilmore, G. Austin. 2019. Planning for Idaho’s Waterscapes: A review of historical drivers and outlook for the next 50 years. Environmental Science and Policy, 194, 191-201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2019.01.009 [OPEN ACCESS]
Blomdahl, E., C.A. Kolden, A.H.J. Meddens, and J.A. Lutz. 2019. The importance of small fire refugia in the central Sierra Nevada, California, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2018.10.038
Smith, A.M.S.; C.A. Kolden, D.M.J.S. Bowman. 2018. Biomimicry can help humans to co-exist sustainably with fire. Nature Ecology & Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0712-2
Smith, A.M.S.; Kolden, C.A.; Prichard, S.J.; Gray, R.W.; Hessburg, P.F.; Balch, J.K. 2018. Recognizing Women Leaders in Fire Science. Fire 1, 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/fire1020030 (OPEN ACCESS)
Bowman, D.M.J.S., A. Moreira-Muñoz, C.A. Kolden, R.O. Chávez, A.A. Muñoz , F. Salinas, A. González-Reyes, R. Rocco, F. de la Barrera, G.J. Williamson, F.H. Johnston, N. Borchers, J.T. Abatzoglou. In press. Drought and land use caused globally unprecedented extreme fires in Mediterranean Chile. Ambio.
*This research was subsequently highlighted in Nature Climate Change
Meddens, A.H.J., C.A. Kolden, J.A. Lutz, A.M.S. Smith, C.A. Cansler, J.T. Abatzoglou, G.W. Meigs, W.M. Downing, M.A. Krawchuk. 2018. Fire refugia: What are they and why do they matter for global change? BioScience, biy103, https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biy103 (OPEN ACCESS)
Abatzoglou, J.T., A.P. Williams, L. Boschetti, M. Zubkova, C.A. Kolden. 2018. Global patterns of interannual climate-fire relationships. Global Change Biology. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.14405
Jansen, V.S., C.A. Kolden, H. Schmalz. 2018. The development of near real-time biomass and cover estimates for adaptive rangeland management using Landsat 7 and Landsat 8 surface reflectance products. Remote Sensing. http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/10/7/1057/htm (OPEN ACCESS)
Kolden, C.A., and J.T. Abatzoglou. 2018. Spatial distribution of wildfires ignited under katabatic- versus non-katabatic winds in Mediterranean southern California USA. Fire. 1(2), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/fire1020019 (OPEN ACCESS)
Sparks, A.M., A.F. Talhelm, R.P. Feltrin, A.M.S. Smith, D.M. Johnson, C.A. Kolden, L. Boschetti. 2018. An experimental assessment of the impact of drought and fire on western larch mortality, injury, and recovery. International Journal of Wildland Fire. doi.org/10.1071/WF18044
Abatzoglou, J.T., J.K. Balch, B.A. Bradley, and C.A. Kolden. 2018. Human-related ignitions concurrent with high winds promote large wildfires across the US. International Journal of Wildland Fire. doi.org/10.1071/WF17149
McCarley, T.R.*, A.M.S. Smith, C.A. Kolden, and J. Kreitler. 2018. Evaluating the mid-infrared bi-spectral index for improved assessment of low-severity fire effects in a conifer forest. International Journal of Wildland Fire. doi.org/10.1071/WF17137
Hanan, E., C. Tague, J. Choate, M. Liu, C.A. Kolden, and J.C. Adam. 2018. Accounting for disturbance history in models: using remote sensing to constrain carbon and nitrogen pool spin-up. Ecological Applications 28, 1197-1214. https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.1718
Meddens, A.J.H., C.A. Kolden, J.A. Lutz, J.T. Abatzoglou, A.T. Hudak. 2018. Spatiotemporal patterns of unburned areas within fire perimeters in the northwestern United States from 1984 to 2014. Ecosphere 9(2):e02029. http://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2029
Sparks, A.M., Kolden, C.A., Smith, A.M., Boschetti, L., Johnson, D.M. and Cochrane, M.A., 2018. Fire intensity impacts on post-fire temperate coniferous forest net primary productivity. Biogeosciences, 15(4), p.1173.
Kolden, C. A., T. M. Bleeker, A. M. S. Smith, H. M. Poulos, A. E. Camp. 2017. Fire effects on historical wildfire refugia in contemporary wildfires. Forests, 8, 400. (OPEN ACCESS)
Zimbleman*, E. G., R. F. Keefe, E. K. Strand, C. A. Kolden, A. M. Wempe. 2017. Hazards in Motion: Development of Mobile Geofences for Use in Logging Safety. Sensors, 17(4), 822; doi:10.3390/s17040822
Abatzoglou, J. T., C. A. Kolden, A. P. Williams, J. A. Lutz, A. M. S. Smith. 2017. Climatic influences on interannual variability in regional burn severity across western US forests. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 26(4), 269-275. http://doi.org/10.1071/WF16165
McCarley, T.R.*, C.A. Kolden, N.M. Vaillant, A.T. Hudak, A.M.S. Smith, J. Kreitler. 2017. Landscape-scale Quantification of Fire-induced Change in Canopy Cover Following Mountain Pine Beetle Outbreak and Timber Harvest. Forest Ecology and Management, 391, 164-175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2017.02.015
McCarley, T.R.*, C.A. Kolden, N.M. Vaillant, A.T. Hudak, A.M.S. Smith, B.M. Wing, B. Kellogg, J. Kreitler. 2017. Multi-temporal LiDAR and Landsat quantification of fire-induced changes to forest structure. Remote Sensing of Environment, 191, 419-432.
Bowman, D.M.J.S., G.J. Williamson, J.T. Abatzoglou, C.A. Kolden, M. Cochrane, and A.M.S. Smith. 2017. Human population vulnerability to globally extreme wildfires. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 1, 0058. doi:10.1038/s41559-016-0058
*The lead author, Dr. David Bowman, wrote a very nice companion piece in the journal that you should read with the paper.
Smith, A.M.S., A.F. Talhelm, D.M. Johnson, A. M. Sparks, C.A. Kolden, K.M. Yedinak, K. Apostol, W.T. Tinkham, J.T. Abatzoglou, J. A. Lutz, A.S. Davis, K.S. Pregitzer, H. D. Adams, R. L. Kremens.. 2017. Impacts of fire radiative energy density doses on Pinus contorta and Larix occidentalis seedling physiology and mortality. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 26(1) 82-94 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WF16077
Sparks, A.M.*, A. M. S. Smith, A. F. Talhelm, C. A. Kolden, K. M. Yedinak, D. M. Johnson. 2017. Impacts of fire radiative flux on mature Pinus ponderosa growth and vulnerability to secondary mortality agents. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 26(1) 95-106 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WF16139
Meddens, A.J.H., C.A. Kolden, and J.A. Lutz. 2016. Detecting unburned areas within wildfire perimeters using Landsat and ancillary data across the northwestern United States. Remote Sensing of Environment 186: 275-285. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2016.08.023
Vaillant, N.M., C.A. Kolden, A.M.S. Smith. 2016. Assessing landscape vulnerability to wildfire in the USA. Current Forestry Reports, doi:10.1007/s40725-016-0040-1
Sparks, A.M.*, C.A. Kolden, A.F. Talhelm , A.M.S. Smith , K.G. Apostol , D.M. Johnson , and L. Boschetti. 2016. Spectral indices accurately quantify changes in seedling physiology following fire: towards mechanistic assessments of carbon dynamics following wildfire. Remote Sensing 8(7), 572; doi: 10.3390/rs8070572.
Smith, A.M.S., A.F. Talhelm, C.A. Kolden, B.A. Newingham, H.D. Adams, J.D. Cohen, K.M. Yedinak, R.L. Kremens. 2016. The ability of winter grazing to reduce wildfire size and fire-induced plant mortality was not demonstrated: A comment on Davies et al. (2015). International Journal of Wildland Fire. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WF15163
Abatzoglou, J.T., C.A. Kolden, J.K. Balch, and B.A. Bradley. 2016. Controls on interannual variability in lightning-caused fire activity in the western US. Environmental Research Letters 11 (2016) 045005. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/4/045005
Smith. A.M.S.#, C.A. Kolden#, T.B. Paveglio#, et al. 2016. The science of firescapes: achieving fire -resilient communities. BioScience 66(2): 130-146.
Smith, A.M.S., A.M. Sparks*, C.A. Kolden, J.T. Abatzoglou, A.F. Talhelm, D.M. Johnson, L. Boschetti, J.A. Lutz, K.G. Apostol, K.M. Yedinak, W.T. Tinkham, and R.L. Kremens. 2016. Towards a new paradigm in fire severity research using dose-response experiments. International Journal of Wildland Fire. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WF15130
Hicke, J.A., A.H.J. Meddens, and C.A. Kolden. 2016. Recent tree mortality in the western United States from bark beetles and forest fires. Forest Science 62: 141-153. http://dx.doi.org/10.5849/forsci.15-086
Jansen, V.S.*, C.A. Kolden, R.V. Taylor, and B. Newingham. 2016. Quantifying Livestock Effects on Bunchgrass Vegetation with Landsat ETM+ Data Across a Single Growing Season. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 37(1): 150-175, DOI:10.1080/01431161.2015.1117681
Kolden, C.A., J.T. Abatzoglou, J.A. Lutz, C.A. Cansler, J.T. Kane, J.W. Van Wagtendonk, and C.H. Key. 2015. Climate contributors to forest mosaics: ecological persistence following wildfire. Northwest Science 89(3): 219-238.
Kolden, C.A., A.M.S. Smith, and J.T. Abatzoglou. 2015. Limitations and utilisation of Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity products for assessing wildfire severity in the USA. International Journal of Wildland Fire. Online September 14, 2015.
Olsen, P.M.*, C.A. Kolden, and L. Gadamus. 2015. Developing theoretical marine habitat suitability models from remotely-sensed data and Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Remote Sensing, 7(9), 11863-11886; doi:10.3390/rs70911863
Pierce, J., and C.A. Kolden. 2015. The hilliness of U.S. cities. Geographical Review, 105(4): 581-600.
Barbero, R., J.T. Abatzoglou, N. Larkin, C.A. Kolden, and B.J. Stocks. 2015. Climate change presents increased potential for very large fires in the contiguous United States. International Journal of Wildland Fire. Online July 17, 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WF15083
Morrison, K.D.*, and C.A. Kolden. 2015. Modeling the impacts of wildfire on runoff and pollutant transport from coastal watersheds to the nearshore environment. Journal of Environmental Management, 151: 113-123. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.12.025
Birch, D. S., P. Morgan, C.A. Kolden, J.T. Abatzoglou, G.K. Dillon, A.T. Hudak, & A.M.S. Smith. 2015. Vegetation, topography and daily weather influenced burn severity in central Idaho and western Montana forests. Ecosphere, 6(1), art17.
Bowen, L., A.K. Miles, C.A. Kolden, J.A. Saarinen, J.L. Bodkin, M.J. Murray, and M.T. Tinker. 2015. Effects of wildfire on sea otter (Enhydra lutris) gene transcript profiles. Marine Mammal Science, 31: 191-210. doi:10.111/mms.12151.
Barbero, R., J.T. Abatzoglou, C.A. Kolden, K.C. Hegewisch, N.K. Larkin, and H. Podschwit. 2015. Multi-scalar influences of weather and climate on very large fires in the Eastern United States. International Journal of Climatology. DOI: 10.1002/joc.4090
FACT SHEET: Understanding Geospatial Data Products for Assessing Landscape Fire Severity and Effects: MTBS products and future directions. March 2015.
Morrison, K.D.* and C.A. Kolden. 2014. Development of a Historical Multi-Year Land Cover Classification Incorporating Wildfire Effects. Land, 3(4), 1214-1231.
Smith, A.M.S.#, C.A. Kolden#, W.T. Tinkham#, A.F. Talhelm, J.D. Marshall, A.T. Hudak, L. Boschetti, M.J.Falkowski, J.A. Greenberg, J.W. Anderson, A. Kliskey, L. Alessa, R. Keefe, J.R. Gosz. 2014. Remote sensing the vulnerability of vegetation in natural terrestrial ecosystems. Remote Sensing of Environment, 154: 322-337.
Birch, D.S., P. Morgan, C.A. Kolden, A.T. Hudak, and A.M.S. Smith. 2014. Is proportion burned severely related to daily area burned? Environmental Research Letters, 9(6), 064011.
Hicke, J.A., A.J. Meddens, C.D. Allen, and C.A. Kolden. 2013. Carbon stocks of trees killed by bark beetles and wildfire in the western United States. Environmental Research Letters, 8(3), 035032.
Abatzoglou, J.T., and C.A. Kolden. 2013. Relationships between climate and macroscale area burned in the western United States. International Journal of Wildland Fire. Published online July 25, 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WF13019
Bowlick, F.J.*, and C.A. Kolden. 2013. Effects of an introductory geography course on student perceptions of geography at the University of Idaho, Journal of Geography in Higher Education, DOI:10.1080/03098265.2013.801068
Kolden, C.A., and J. Rogan. 2013. Mapping wildfire burn severity in the Arctic tundra: novel approaches for an extreme environment. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 45(1): 64-76.
Kolden, C.A., J.A. Lutz, C.H. Key, J.T. Kane, and J.W., van Wagtendonk. 2012. Mapped versus actual burned area within wildfire perimeters: characterizing the unburned. Forest Ecology and Management, 286: 38-47.
Ray, L.A., C.A. Kolden, and F.S. Chapin III. 2012. Developing fire management strategies from traditional ecological knowledge in the absence of local science. Ecology and Society 17(3): 37. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-05070-170337.
Owen, G., J. McLeod, C.A. Kolden, D. Ferguson, and T.J. Brown. 2012. Predictive Forecasting in wildland fire management: a social network analysis of the southwestern U.S. Weather, Climate and Society 4(2): 90-102.
Kolden, C.A., J.T. Abatzoglou. 2012. Climate and Vegetation Influences on Fire Impacts in Alaskan Boreal Forest: Implications for Carbon and Fire Management. Fire Ecology 8(1): 98-113.
Lutz, J., C.H. Key, C.A. Kolden, J.T. Kane, and J.W. Van Wagtendonk. 2011. Fire frequency, area burned, and severity: A quantitative approach to defining a normal fire year. Fire Ecology 7(2): 51-65.
*Get the Severity Metric tool for ArcGIS!!
Abatzoglou, J.T., and C.A. Kolden. 2011. Relative Importance of Weather and Climate on Wildfire Growth in Interior Alaska. International Journal of Wildland Fire 20(4) 479-486.
Abatzoglou, J.T. and C.A. Kolden. 2011. Climate change in western US deserts: potential for increased wildfire and invasive annual grasses. Rangeland Ecology and Management, September 2011, Vol. 64, No. 5, pp. 471-478
2010 and earlier
Kolden, C.A. and T.J. Brown. 2010. Beyond Wildfire: Perspectives of Climate, Managed Fire and Policy in the U.S.A. International Journal of Wildland Fire 19(3): 364-373.
Kolden, C.A. 2010. Characterizing Alaska wildfire regimes through remotely sensed data: Assessment of large area pattern and trend. Dissertation, Clark University.
Jones, B., C.A. Kolden, R. Jandt, J.T. Abatzoglou, F. Urban, and C. Arp. 2009. Fire behavior, weather, and burn severity of the 2007 Anaktuvuk River tundra fire, North Slope, Alaska. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research. 41(3): 309-316.
Kolden, C.A. and P.W. Weisberg. 2007. Assessing accuracy of manually-mapped wildfire perimeters in topographically dissected areas. Fire Ecology 3(1): 22-31.
Kolden, C.A., and T.J. Weigel. 2007. Fire risk in San Diego County, California: A weighted Bayesian model approach. The California Geographer 47: 1-17.